Dewey Guide: 900s (History)

Subjects Listed in This Directory


900 HISTORY

Seibert, Patricia.  WE WERE HERE: A SHORT HISTORY OF TIME CAPSULES.
    Illus with Photos.  Brookfield, CT:  Millbrook, 2002.  48p.  0-7613-0423-1; lib.bdg.,
    $22.90    00-041873      Gr. 3-10+    909

    Social studies teachers and group leaders will find this book extremely useful.  Seibert begins by explaining by defining a time capsule, why it was invented in 1939 by Westinghouse at the New York World's Fair, some crypts of Civilization as time capsules, several projects, the impact, three steps for making a capsule, web sites, glossary, and index.  Recommended for public, intermediate and middle school libraries.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI 49855
    32 years of experience as a school library-media specialist

Pearl, Norman.  THE BALD EAGLE.  Illus. by Matthew Skeens.  Bloomington, MN:  
          Picture Window Books, 2007.  24p.  ISBN 1-4048-2642-4 hb. $17.95    Gr. K-2    j929

          This book would be an asset for elementary school libraries.  It is very informative, explaining the eagle habitat 
and why the eagle is the emblem of our country.  In addition to the narrative text, there are sidebars with historical 
information that give further insights into the symbols and values of the United States.  
          The illustrations are done in soft, rich colors that spread to each edge of the page.  The people and objects 
are cartoonish and abstract, but very interesting.  Skeens’ artwork supports the text and makes the topic appropriate 
for early elementary grades.
           Nita Hale, Board Member, Munising School Public Library

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909 WORLD HISTORY

Doeden, Matt.  LOST AT SEA! TAMI OLDHAM ASHCRAFT’S STORY OF SURVIVAL.  
          Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 2007. 32p.
ISBN-10: 0-7368-6780-5 hb. $17.95   Gr. 3-7   j910.91  

            This high-interest nonfiction book will keep readers in suspense as they read about adventure and sudden death on the high seas.  Tami Oldham and her fiancé, Richard, began a fateful journey on the yacht, Hazana, from Tahiti to San Diego.  Leaving Tahiti a few weeks before the end of hurricane season, the couple was confident of safe passage to San Diego.  But tropical storm Raymond grew into a hurricane. It headed directly in Hazana's direction and there was no time to get out of the path of the storm's powerful winds which blew waves as high as a four-story building.
           
As Richard struggled to keep the yacht afloat, Tami was secured below deck.  The violent stormed finally cleared, but Richard had been washed overboard. Tami awoke with a gash in her forehead and completely isolated 1,500 miles from Hawaii. Read about Tami's heroic efforts to steer the damaged boat to a safe harbor using only a small torn scrap of sail and a traditional sailing tool called a sextant. 
           
The author recounts Tami’s ordeal accurately through words and pictures.  Young people reading this story will gain insight through a struggle of survival against all odds.  A normal human being with a will to survive succeeds in her quest by using her skill and knowledge.  It’s a good pick for any library about heroism. Other books in this True Tales of Survival series are also worth looking at.
           
Jana Aho, Media Assistant, Gladstone School and Public Library, Gladstone, MI

Halley, Ned.  Stroud, Jonathan, Ed.  THE WORLD OF DISASTERS.  Boston:  
    Kingfisher Publications, 2005.  63p.  ISBN: 0-7534-5835-7 hb. $8.95.   Gr 5+    909

    Disasters, past and potential, are illustrated with maps, drawings or photographers and one-or-two page narratives in this paperback book. There are natural disasters: Krakatau, Vesuvius, earthquakes, famine, epidemics, and Chernobyl, for example. Possible future disasters include meteorite bombardment, over population, and world-under-water as polar ice caps melt. Plenty of factual presentations to stimulate thinking. Even the final glossary and index are colorfully illustrated.
    Judy Bennett, Library Clerk, Ironwood Carnegie Library, Ironwood, MI

Weatherford, Carole Boston.  I, MATTHEW HENSON, POLAR EXPLORER.  Illus. by Eric Velasquez. 
New York: Walker & Company, 2008.  ISBN: 10: 0-8027-9688-5 hb. $16.95.     Gr. 4-7    j 910.911.3

          J. Matthew Henson was working as a stock boy in a men's store, when a customer and naval officer said he needed a manservant for an expedition to Nicaragua. The customer was Admiral Robert Peary, and Henson eagerly accepted the chance to fulfill his dreams of adventure. Henson worked  diligently over two decades to earn and keep Peary's trust. He learned the Eskimo language, learned to hunt and and track on ice, to handle a dog team, to aid in Peary's quest to reach the North Pole. It is a story of grit and drive to succeed against all odds, made doubly admirable because Henson had to overcome racial prejudice to become one of the original six to arrive at the North Pole. It is a compelling history beautifully illustrated to convey the hostile terrain. The author's note at the end further enlightens the reader to the circumstances of Henson's accomplishments.
          Judy Bennett, Clerk, Ironwood Carnegie Library, Ironwood, MI

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930 ANCIENT HISTORY

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932 ANCIENT HISTORY -- EGYPTIAN

Briscoe, Diana C.  KING TUT: TALES FROM THE TOMB
    High Five Reading series.  Mankato, MN:  Capstone, 2003.  48p. 
    0-7368-9553-1; lib.bdg., $16.95   2002-000188      Gr. 2-5+  932

    The book begins when Howard Carter first saw King Tut’s tomb on November 26, 1922.  There are maps and photos of mummies, artifacts, and paintings.  Readers learn about King Tut, making a mummy, the afterlife and underworld, the Rosetta Stone, and how the mummy curses began.  Other features include a time line for Egypt, a glossary, a bibliography of six book, three mail addresses, two Internet sites, and an index.   It is not clear why the glossary terms are given at the bottom of pages are repeated at the end of the book.  The topic is interesting and entices readers to learn more about mummies and the boy-king.  The title is somewhat misleading since the illustrations and text are devoted too other topics besides King Tut.  However, the information about mummies will fascinate readers.
    Mary Ann Paulin, director, Superiorland Preview Center

Burgan, Michael.  THE VALLEY OF THE KINGS:  EGYPT'S GREATEST MUMMIES.
    Mankato, MN:  Capstone Press, 2005. 32p. ISBN: 0-7368-3772-8 hb. $16.95.  
    Gr. 3-4   932

    This hardcover book of four chapters describes ancient Egyptian tombs discovered since the 1800s, when contents were once looted and destroyed, to the most recent find in 1995. The practice of mummifying kings, as well as their family pets, is illustrated with actual photographs. As a good introduction to archeology, the book presents a well organized, manageable amount of information which might prompt the reader to "read more" of recommended sources and to visit the compatible FactHound Internet site.
    Judy Bennett, Library Clerk, Ironwood Carnegie Library, Ironwood, MI

Klingel, Cynthia and Robert B. Noyed.  ANCIENT EGYPT.  Let’s See series. Minneapolis: Compass Point, 
    2003.  24p.   0-7565-0291-8; lib.bdg., $18.60    2002-003037    Gr. 1-3   932.01

    There is a map or photo of an artifact on every other page across from text that explains who the Ancient Egyptians were and what was important to them.  Their government, religion, occupations, and arts are included.  Archaeologists and what they found conclude the book.  There is a glossary of words that were highlighted in the text as well as a list of three books, three web sites, two mail addresses., and an index.  There is lots of information packed into this small book.  Purchase where Ancient Egypt is studied.
    Mary Ann Paulin, director, Superiorland Preview Center
Lunis, Natalie.  TUT'S DEADLY TOMB, HorrorScapes Series, Set of 5. Illus. by Kim Jones. Chicago:
      Bearport Publishing, 2011, 32 Pages. ISBN: 978-1-936087-98-7, Lib.bdg.$25.27. Gr. 3-6, NF 932.01092.

      The HorrorScapes series is sure to be a hit with it's intended audience of children, 9 to 12. This volume, the fifth in the series has all the required elements to interest, spook and thrill. The pages are filled with illustrations and photographs of skulls, mummies, crypts and coffins.  While informative, it incorporates facts to give spine-tingling chills to youngsters. The burial rites, tomb robbers, an ancient curse and the history of king Tutankhamun all create an interesting book which may inspire youngsters to seek more in-depth information about Tut and the rites of ancient Egypt. This is a worthy book for libraries and school libraries.
      Barb Ward, Retired Children's Librarian, Dickinson County Library, Iron Mountain, MI


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927-928 ANCIENT HISTORY--GREEK & ROMAN

Bailey, Linda.  ADVENTURES IN ANCIENT GREECE.  Illus by Bill Slavin. 
    Good Times Travel Agency series.  Tonawanda, NY:  Kids Can, 2002.  48p. 
    1-55074-534-4; lib.bdg., $14.95  1-55-74-536-1; pb., $7.95    Gr. 2-6    938

    Josh and Emma, the Binkerton twins, and their little sister, Libby, go to the Good Times Travel Agency owned by Mr. Pettigrew.  The trio look at a book called Julian T. Pettigrew’s Personal Guide to Ancient Greece and find themselves transported there.  The information is imparted through the cartoon illustrations complete with speech balloons as well as the open books at the bottom of the page that give background information on such subjects as city-states, democracy, theater, philosophers, society, Parthenon, food, travel, clothing and hairstyles and more.  The trio visits Olympia where the Olympic Gamers are occurring.  Since women were not allowed to attend, Josh has to sneak the two girls into the audience where they are embarrassed because the athletes are nude.  More information about ancient Greece appears on the last page.  Because of the comic book style of this book, it can be used through middle school in schools where ancient Greece is part of the curriculum.  The text imparts lots of information in an interesting manner through the Binkerton trio.  However, this book should have been labeled a Fiction time travel book rather than given the Dewey number for Ancient Greece.   
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist

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940.1 MIDDLE AGES

Jarrow, Gail.  A MEDIEVAL CASTLE.  Detroit: Thompson Gale, 2005. 48p. 
    ISBN 0-7377-2070-0, hb. $23.70   Gr. 9-12   J 940.1

    This was an excellent and comprehensive book on medieval castle history for young readers.  This book explained castle construction, castle inhabitants, and the historic battles fought on castle grounds. Throughout the book there are bolded terms that may be new to the reader, such as moat and motte.  Not only is there is a glossary at the back of the book, but the definitions are integrated into the reading so that they will make more sense to young minds.  In addition, there are easy-to-comprehend castle diagrams, photos of real European castles, and charming medieval illustrations.  A Medieval Castle is a must-read for students who are learning about the people and lifestyles of the Middle Ages and is recommended for library purchase.
    Jana Aho, Media Assistant, Middle School, Gladstone School & Public Library

Johnson, Sheri. MEDIEVAL PLAGUE.  Mankato, MN: Capstone Press, 2010.  24p.
     
ISBN 978-1-4296-334-5 lib.bdg. $15.99    Gr.1-3    j940 

      The seriousness and horror of the Black Plague is aptly depicted in this addition to the Capstone’s Medieval First Facts series.  An explanation of unfamiliar words is included on the pages as well as in the glossary, which is a plus. Children will be surprised to discover that the Black Plague still exists, although easily treated.  The tone is serious, not treated lightly.  Well done.
    
 Barb Ward, Retired Children’s Librarian, Dickinson County Library, Iron Mountain, MI      

Whiting, Jim.  THE MISERABLE LIFE OF MEDIEVAL PEASANTS.  Mandato, MN:
     
Capstone Press, 2010.  24p. ISBN 978-1-4296-335-2 lib.bdg. $15.99   Gr. 1-3    j940

       As an introduction to Medieval times, the information is adequate in an area where there is a lack of information understandable for lower grade students. Photographs of Medieval art give a good view of the dress and daily lives of the era. The book would have been improved by using better descriptive words than those such as ‘crummy’ to describe the food peasants ate. Teachers and parents will cringe at that descriptive choice. These volumes often try to be too ‘cool’.
      
 Barb Ward, Retired Children’s Librarian, Dickinson County Library, Iron Mountain, MI

 

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940.21 RENAISSANCE

Thompson, Steven P, ed.  RENAISSANCE LITERATURE.  Greenhaven Companion
    to Literary Movements and Genre series.  San Diego: Greenhaven, 2001. Farmington Hills, MI:
    Gale, 2001.  220p. 0-7377-0418-7; hb., $32.45    0-7377-0419-5; pb., $19.95
    00-045470   Gr. 9+     809.024

    This is a compilation of essays which appeared in, or as part of, previously published works (1950’s-1990’s) that cover the beginnings of Renaissance literature in Italy, the northern Humanist Movement and concludes by examining a variety of author’ works of prose, poetry and drama, many of which are English.
    While many of the essays may be beyond the scope of most high school English courses, this book offers some very good background and research information on Renaissance literature.  A section at the beginning of the book, titled “Renaissance Literature: Aspiration and the Individual.” presents a very nice overview of the why’s and how’s (the motivation) of Renaissance literature and some of its major figures.  The essays dealing with English authors present the student with much insightful information not found in textbooks or encyclopedias, especially the essays on English drama and Shakespeare.  At the end of the book is a chronology of literary events, a bibliography “for further research,” and an index.  The nuggets are there, it just takes a little digging.
    Ted Snodgrass; Media Specialist, New Haven High School, New Haven, MI
    Six years of experience as a School library Media Specialist
 

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940.3 WORLD WAR I

Zeinert, Karen.  THOSE EXTRAORDINARY WOMEN OF WORLD WAR I.
    Brookfield, CT:  Millbrook, 2001.  96p.  0-761-1913-1; lib. bdg., $27.40
    00-068371     Gr.  7-12+     940.3

    This title begins with the death of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie.  While most history books only mention the archduke and his wife because of the assassination, this book provides information about their private lives.  It is interesting to know that Sophie was not accepted by the royal family and their heirs would not have inherited the kingdom.  Readers learn of the contributions made by women during the war.  Some jobs given women during this time period that are highlighted in this book are:  textile manufacturing, sewing, telephone operators, war nurses and journalists, and Red Cross workers.
    Biographies that appear in full page sidebars are:  Sophie Chotek (archduchess), Jeannette Rankin (politician), Carrie Chapman Catt (suffrage leader), Joy Bright Hancock (First lady of the Navy),  Julia Catherine Stimpsons (nurse in France),  Peggy Hull (reporter),  and Mata Hari and Edith Cavell (spies). Other sidebar topics include information about farm women, YMCA volunteers, and women at war.
    Of special value are the timeline, notes, bibliography, further reading, and index.  A map showing allied, central, and neutral powers is another bonus.  Purchase this book for school libraries where the curriculum includes the study of this war.  Public libraries will wish to purchase this book because information about women’s contribution to the world during this time period is limited.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist

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940.53 WORLD WAR II; HOLOCAUST

Adler, David A.  A HERO AND THE HOLOCAUST: THE STORY OF JANUSZ
    KORCZAK AND HIS CHLDREN.
  Illus by Bill Farnsworth.  New York: Holiday, 2002.  
    32p.  0-8234-1548-1; hb., $16.95.  2001-059409    Gr. 4-6    943.8   or    92

    The picture book begins with Korczak’s birth in 1878 in Warsaw, Poland the same year Europe’s first crematorium was built in German for funerals.  His birth name was Hirsh Goldszmit but he was called Henryk. His life changed in 1889 when his father suffered a mental breakdown and died in 1896.  The family struggled in poverty and Henryk began writing sad stories, poems, and plays under a pen name, Janusz Korczak.    Readers learn about his childhood, medical studies, and successful practice with children.  In the 1930s Korczak wrote books and had a prize-winning radio program at the same time the Nazi Party gained control of Germany.  In 1940 Korczak and the children in his hospital were moved into the Warsaw Ghetto with 400,000 other Jews.  In 1942 the Ghetto started to empty and the doctor learned that they would be sent to death camps where they would be killed.  With 192 children, Korczak went to the train station with them but when he was recognized and the Nazis offered to let him go free, he refused to leave the children and was killed with them in Treblinka.  The full-page illustrations are dark in keeping with this grim chapter in history.  The book shares the life of a hero under terrible circumstances.  Based on Korczak’s diaries there is no happy ending but there is hope because in the final quote he does blame his killers.  “I never wish anyone ill.  I cannot.  I don’t know how it is done.”   This is a picture book for older students who are studying the Holocaust.       
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist


Altman, Linda Jacobs.  FOREVER OUTSIDERS: JEWS AND HISTORY FROM ANCIENT
    TIMES TO AUGUST 1935.
    Woodbridge, CT:  Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.  Holocaust Series,
    Vol. 1.  1-56711-200-5; lib.bdg., $19.45    96-48179     Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 1 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about the Jews as a "chosen people;" Jews in Medieval Europe; the crusades; the Spanish Inquisition; the Reformation; the Dreyfus case; World War I and aftermath; the rise of Hitler and National Socialism.  Information about Judaism as a religion and antisemitism are included.   Sidebars include: The Jewish-Christian split; Merchant Princes and International Financiers; Yiddish; Jews in small Jewish towns of Eastern Europe; and the swastika as an ancient symbol.  The following helpful maps are included:  the Roman and Persian empires; centers of Jewish European population between 1000-1400; and settlements in Czarist Russia.   A chronology from 70 C. E. to Sept., 1935 and a Holocaust chronology are included.   The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Ayer Eleanor.  A FIRESTORM UNLEASHED: JANUARY 1942-JUNE 1943.
    Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.   Holocaust Series, Vol. 4.
    1-56711-204-8; lib.bdg., $19.45    96-44430     Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 4 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about: Einsatzgruppen; the Wannsee Conference; resistance; Lvov and the Warsaw ghettos; labor camps; specific death camps like Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, and others; and resistance movements like the White Rose.  A map of Europe in 1942 is included.   Sidebars include:  Himmler's "humane murder;" transit camps; the chairman of the Jewish Council in the Warsaw Ghetto; Bergen-Belsen and typhus; bystanders; colored stars; and Jehovah's Witnesses and the Third Reich.   The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Ayer Eleanor.  INFERNO:  JULY 1943-APRIL 1945.  Woodbridge, CT:
    Blackbirch, 1998.  80p. Holocaust Series,  Vol.5.   1-56711-205-6; lib.bdg., $19.45
    96-48528    Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 1 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about relocation to ghettos and camps, extermination, and liberation.    Raoul Wallenberg and Oskar Schindler each have a full page of coverage.  There are numerous quotes from people at the liberation including a photographer, Red Cross worker, and soldiers.  Maps which make understanding the holocaust easier include:  German conquests by mid 1943; concentration and extermination camps; major deportation routes; major death marches, deportations, and uprisings; and liberation of the camps.  An overview of 13 of the largest concentration camps from opening to liberation and a sentence about them are included.  Another graph lists, by country, the estimated number of Jews killed in the Holocaust: 5,596,049.   The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Ayer Eleanor and Stephanie D. Chicoine.  FROM THE ASHES:  MAY 1945 AND AFTER.
    Woodbridge, CT:  Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.  Holocaust Series, Vol.6.   1-56711-206-4;
    lib.bdg., $19.45    96-47707    Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 6 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about:  the collapse of the Third Reich; refugees; the Nuremberg Trials; Zionism and the fight for a Jewish homeland; the birth of Israel; tracking down high ranking Nazis; and Genocide in our time.  Interesting additions are:  a map of postwar Europe and sidebars on the Exodus of refuges; the De-Nazification process; and the Yad Vashem memorial which lists 5,000 communities that were destroyed.  The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Brager, Bruce L.   ADOLF EICHMANN:  THE HOLOCAUST ON TRIAL.
    Illus with photos.  Famous Trials Series.  San Diego: Lucent, 1999. 127p.
    1-56006-469-2; lib.bdg., $22.45    98-30258     Gr. 7-12+         364.15

    This concise book tells about the capture of Eichmann, the trial and the cases presented by the prosecution and the defense, the summations, sentencing, and results.  A section called "Notes" documents the sources for this book. There is also a bibliography of "Works Consulted" and a list of books "For Further Reading."  Eichmann's role in the Holocaust and the importance of having a trial are important issues of this book that is recommended for students in junior high school and above for report reading or for understanding a key player in the Holocaust.
     Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; worked for 25 years  with classes studying the Holocaust

Cosner, Shaaron and Victoria Cosner.  WOMEN UNDER THE THIRD REICH:
    A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood, 1998. 224p.
    0-313-30315-0; hb., $55.00.  97-45641    Gr. 7-12+    920  or  943.086

    Readers of Snyder's classic, ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE THIRD REICH  (McGraw, 1976), will notice that few women were included..  The Cosners' book helps to rectify this loss and is destined to become a classic of its own.  Over a hundred women who were involved in the Third Reich in various capacities are arranged in alphabetical order with appendixes for 15 roles and 17 countries of origin.  A name and subject index is included.  The bibliography is important for two reasons:   to provide traditional bibliographic sources and to introduce books specific to women in the Third Reich.  The fifteen roles of the women are :  artists; athletes; authors; hidden children; journalists and communications; Nazis and Nazi sympathizers; performing artists; political prisoners; politicians and political dissidents; rescuers; resistance (workers and fighters); scientists (mathematicians, physicians, and professors); soldiers; spies; and the underground (fighters and workers).  Most of the women are unknown but some of them are famous:  Eva Braun, Hitler's mistress; Marlene Dietrich, anti-Nazi actress; Anne Frank, diarist; Magda Goebbels, "First Lady of the Third Reich;" Marguerite Higgins, one of first U.S. war correspondents to enter Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps; Erika Mann, daughter of Thomas, actress, writer, and anti-Nazi; Joanna Reiss, hidden child and author of the Newbery Honor book, THE UPSTAIRS ROOM; Sophie Scholl, execued White Rose resistance fighter; Hanna Szenes (Senesh)  executed resistor and  Zionist who parachuted behind German lines;  Corrie Ten Boom, rescuer, religious author and lecturer; Dorothy Thompson, American war correspondent;  and Winifred Wagner, one of Hitler's first supporters and daughter-in-law of Richard.  One woman, remembered in the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C., was Ona Simaite, a Lithuanian librarian who collected overdue library books from the ghetto as a front for her activities.  Ona is only one of a dozen rescuers, most of whom are not well-known, included in this book.  Middle and high school collections where the Holocaust is studied, public and college libraries should purchase this well-researched and well-written book.
    Mary Ann Paulin;  Director, Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Nardo, Don, ed.  THE RISE OF NAZI GERMANY.  San Diego: Greenhaven, 1999.
    Turning Points in World History Series.  240p.  1-56510-965-1; lib.bdg., $20.96
    1-56510-964-3; pb., $13.96    98-08404    Gr. 8-23+     943.086

    There are five chapters to this book each containing 4 or 5 articles by different authors; most of the articles are chapters from their books on the subject.  Bibliographic information about the source books is provided on the first page of the article.  The 31-page introduction is an excellent overview of the rise of Nazi Germany and Hitler's role in it.  A 41-page appendix contains excerpts from original documents about the rise of Nazi Germany.  A list of books "For Further Research" is extensive and a glossary is provided.  The chapters are: Causes of the Rise of Nazi Germany; Birth and Early Growth of the Nazi Party; Hitler Comes to Power; The Nazis Transform German Society; and Nazi Germany Threatens the World.   Some middle school students may use parts of this book for resource materials but it is best utilized at the high school level and above.  Highly recommended.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; worked for 25 years  with classes studying the Holocaust

Newman, Amy.  THE NUREMBERG LAWS; INSTITUTIONALIZED ANTI-SEMITISM.
    Illus. with photos.  Words that Changed History Series.  San Diego: Lucent, 1999.   96p.
    1-56006-354-8; lib.bdg., $22.45  98-02778   342.43;    940.53

    Laws beginning April 1, 1993 were passed in Nazi Germany to keep Jews from participating in government, practicing their professions, belonging to unions, citizenship, and freedom of movement. The Nuremberg Laws were passed on Sept. 15, 1935.    A 1935 chart showing what makes an Aryan , a Jew, and a Mischling First and Second Degree is helpful to understanding the laws against the Jews.  A map of German expansion and location of the gas chambers and photos illustrate the easy to understand text.  Roots for hatred of Jews from Roman times and the Middle Ages are documented.   Other examples of laws which discriminate against groups of people are introduced:  Jim Crow; Apartheid; Yugoslavia's ethnic cleansing; No-Nazism; and political Anti-Semitism.  An Appendix contains the text of "The Nuremberg Laws on Citizenship and Race" beginning Sept.15, 1935.  Source notes are listed by chapter and a list of "Further Reading" and "Works Consulted" are included.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years
with classes studying the Holocaust

Rogasky, Barbara.  SMOKE AND ASHES: THE STORY OF THE HOLOCAUST,    
    revised and expanded edition.  New York: Holiday, 1988, 2002.  256p. 0-8234-1612-7;
    hb., 27.50  0-8234-167-; pb., $14.95      2001-016797     Gr. 7-12   940.53

    This book has been on every Holocaust bibliography, is found on most library shelves, even of the smallest school and public libraries; and has set the standard for books on this subject.  In order to determine whether or not small libraries should purchase this book, comparisons to the 1988 edition will be made. It goes without saying that any library that missed this title, has lost or tattered copies, or supports Holocaust studies in schools, should purchase this revised book.      A major difference is in the photos.  Most of them are the same but are placed on different pages or have been enlarged which adds to the number of pages in the new book. In some cases, the photo quality is better but often it is not.  The end papers, from a Hebrew holiday prayer, add to the new edition. The section on the rescuers is larger and includes additional people from Portugal, Poland, Lithuania, Japan, and Turkey.  A chart, organized by country is not clearly marked so readers are confused about whether they are rescuers, rescued, or Medal of Righteous Recipients.  The column for the USA lists only one.  The section about “other victims” adds Homosexual/Gay Men.  The chapter about “camps” includes a new section on Nazi Economics.  The glossary has six more words in it, the bibliography is longer, and there are web sites. There are a few more people in the group called “convicted” in the Justice Chapter.  The section that appears to be new is about skinheads, denying the holocaust, revisionists, and the role of the Internet in spreading hate.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist

 Schulman, William L, ed.  HOLOCAUST. A series of 8 volumes. Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch, 1998.

    Although each book in the series has it's own author and title, it is highly recommended that all eight titles be purchased for school and public libraries.  Since world history is taught in most high schools, this highly readable, comprehensive set is important for survey courses and special units about World War II.  This set is an essential purchase in junior and senior high schools and public libraries where the local curriculum includes Holocaust studies.  Larger libraries should consider two sets, one for reference, and one for the circulating collection.   The set will also be used by German language teachers and literature teachers in classes where THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK, Orlev's THE MAN FROM THE OTHER SIDE, and Yolen's THE DEVIL'S ARITHMETIC are read by a whole class.  There are black and white photographs on the front covers as well as sprinkled generously inside.  Charts, maps, a time line chronology, glossary, source notes, bibliography, and list for further reading are part of each book.  HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.    Reviews of individual books within the series are included in this section of  book reviews.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials and frequent holocaust booktalker
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Schulman, William L. RESOURCE GUIDE: A COMPREHENSIVE LISTING OF
    MEDIA FOR FURTHER STUDY.   Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.
    Holocaust Series, Vol.8.  1-56711-208-0; lib.bdg., $19.45   96-025
    Gr. 7+    016.94053;    940.53

    Vol. 8 can used separately or as part of the Holocaust set and is a bibliography of holocaust materials divided by types of materials: books; illustrated books; videos; web sites; CD-ROMs; and museums and resource centers.  There is an author and subject index.  The books in the first bibliography are further divided by subject:   general reference works; European Jewry before the Holocaust; general overview Holocaust; country/culture studies's; Hitler and the rise of Nazism; ghettos; concentration and extermination camps; resistance; rescue; bystanders and collaborators; other victims; memoirs and diaries; survivors and aftermath; antisemitism; and specialized studies. There are similar, although not as many, subdivisions for the videos. All materials are coded J, H, C so readers will know if they are suitable for junior high school through college and above.  Schulman only includes items that were in print during the time of publication of this volume.  This bibliography will be helpful to teachers and librarians who wish to develop non-fiction Holocaust collections.  As a developer of such a collection over the last 25 years, there are additions I would make to the junior and senior high school list, but that is what happens whenever another person familiar with the topic looks at someone else's list.  Because the Holocaust is introduced to students via literature, and there are some wonderful fiction books out there for junior and senior high school students, it would have been helpful to have included some of them.  This is not a criticism of the book, just an observation on the usefulness to teachers at the junior and senior high school levels.  The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Library Cooperative
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Schulman, William L, Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.  VOICES AND VISIONS:
    A COLLECTION OF PRIMARY SOURCES.  Holocaust Series, Vol.7.
    1-56711-207-2; lib.bdg., $19.45    96-02578   Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 7 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and is a collection of primary sources which help readers to understand the following developments:  boycotts; Nuremberg Laws; the Anschluss; Kindertransorts; invasion of Poland; ghettos; deportations; the final solution; liberation; displaced persons; the Nuremberg Trials; and establishing a homeland.
 The entire set is recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Sherrow, Victoria.   THE BLAZE ENGULFS:  JANUARY 1939 TO DECEMBER 1941.
    Woodbridge, CT:  Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.  Holocaust Series, Vol. 3 .  1-56711-202-1;
    lib.bdg., $19.45    96-37216    Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 3 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about the following topics: Kristallnacht; Nurermberg Laws; Anschluss; closing doors to people leaving; the Balfour Declaration; Blitzkrieg; Nazification; Himmler and the "Jewish Question;" Ghettos; the German occupation; the Axis; killing squads; the final solution; and Pearl Harbor.  A map of Europe by Jan., 1939 is included.  Sidebars include; the Nazis; S. S. St.. Luis and escapes; scientists like Einstein escape; flourishing Jews; Hitler against religion; the Master Race; extermination of Gypsies; ship Hulda for Palestine; Franz Werfel; strikes; and trying to escape on the S.S. Struma.   The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L, ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust

Sherrow, Victoria.  SMOKE TO FLAME:  SEPTEMBER 1935 TO DECEMBER 1938.
    Woodbridge, CT:  Blackbirch, 1998.  80p.   Holocaust Series, Vol. 2 .  1-56711-201-3;
    lib.bdg., $19.45    96-52206    Gr. 7+     940.53

    Vol. 2 can be read separately or as part of the Holocaust set and includes information about:   the rise of Hitler; Nuremberg Laws; dissent; the New Germany; children; hatered; 1936 Olympics; Jesse Owens; Italian Jews; non-Jews in concentration camps; persecution; the Anschluss; annexing the Sudetenland; and desecration.  Helpful maps include Europe before expansion in 1935 and synagogues destroyed during the crystal nights as well as two graphs showing how many German Jews were taken in by European and non-European nations.  Sidebars are on the following topics include reinforcing Nazism through school children; the Nuremberg Laws; Rabbi Baeck; Hitler's first defiance; violence in Poland; Martin Niemoller; Haganah; the Evian Conference; burning synagogues; and Kristallnacht.   The entire set is highly recommended for junior and senior high schools and public libraries.  For a review of the entire set, look in this list under the series editor,  Schulman, William L., ed., HOLOCAUST.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center
    Author of 3 publications about Holocaust materials; developer of Holocaust bibliographies;
    worked for 25 years with classes studying the Holocaust
 
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940.54 WORLD WAR II

Houston, Jeanne Wakatuki and James D. Houston.  FAREWELL TO MANZANAR;
    A TRUE STORY OF JAPANESE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE DURING AND    
    AFTER THE WORLD WAR II INTERNENT 
Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973,    
    2002  188p.   0-618-21620-0; hb., $15.00  73-11267   Gr. 4-10+   940.54

    The book itself is the same as in the 1973 publication, only the afterword is new and contains information about how the book was written.  The lesson about internment of native-born American citizens is important to remember in 2002.  The authors point out the quickness of many to assume that Americans of Middle Eastern background were responsible for the events of September 11th.  The author draws from her childhood experiences in Manzar, the first of ten internment camps for Japanese-Americans.  This powerful book is on most library shelves and is a popular classroom selection.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist


WORLD WAR II:  GREAT SPEECHES IN HISTORY.
 Edited by Thomas Streissguth.  
    Farmington Hills, MI:  Greenhaven Press, 2003.  240 p.  0-7377-0879-4 hb.  $33.70  
    Gr. 8-12   YA  940.54

    This collection of speeches from the 1930's to 1946 deals mainly with the words spoken by the leading figures of World War II:  F.D.R., Churchill, Stalin, Hitler, and DeGaulle.  The texts of each speech bring a vivid and terrible reality to the horrific events of that time in history.  Worthwhile resource material can be found for advanced junior high and high school  students.  The book has a good introduction, summarizing the events of the era in a succinct manner.
    Linda Peterson, Retired Librarian, Carnegie Library, Ishpeming, MI 


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941 EUROPEAN HISTORY

McKay, Susan.   SPAIN.  Festivals of the World Series. Milwaukee: Gareth Stevens, 1999.
    32p.   0-8368-2035-5;  lib.bdg., $21.27      Gr. 3-8        394.26   or   960

     A map of Spain shows part of the border countries and all of Portugal.  There is a listing of the 22 festivals by season but no specific dates are given and some of the festivals have months listed.  Festivals that are featured with more in depth treatment are: St. Joseph's Day; Holy Week; Feria De Abril; Fiesta De San Fermin; and Moors and Christians Festival.  There is information about Gypsies and the flamenco and directions for making castanets.  Lists of materials and step by step directions with illustrations are given for making a carnival mask and Crema Frita, fried custard.  A glossary and index are useful.    Schools where Spanish classes are taught or where Spain is taught in social studies units should purchase this book.  Public libraries will wish to add this book to collections of European countries.
 Vicki Leathers-Poupore says, "There is an abundance of interesting information about Spanish festivals in this book.  The hands on activities at the end of the book are a nice touch.  This is an excellent tool for teaching a cultural unit on Spain in beginning Spanish classes."
    Vicki Leathers-Poupore; Spanish teacher, Negaunee Schools, Negaunee, MI

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942 HISTORY--BRITISH ISLES

Aronson, Marc.  SIR WALTER RALEIGH AND THE QUEST FOR EL DORADO.
    New York:  Clarion, 2000.   222p.  0-395-8427-X; hb., $20.00 99-04396
    Gr.  7-12+    942.055  or  92

     A Cast of Characters at the beginning of the book lists Raleigh's relations and allies; Elizabeth's courtiers and advisors; English seamen; poets, playwrights, writers; conquistadors; and Americans.  Among those listed in the Durham House set is Thomas Hariot, who kept detailed records on a trip to the new world with Raleigh.
    Much attention was devoted to John White who drew maps and sites of the new world on a trip with Raleigh.   When White returned three years later, the Roanoke colony had disappeared including his daughter's child, Virginia Dare, the first European child born in the new world.  Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Raleigh's half brother, was "the first to set out for the new world with the aim of creating an English colony."   Sir Francis Drake was Raleigh's step-cousin and Sir Richard Grenville was his cousin.  A section of the prologue explains El Dorado and how it affected explorations to the new world.   Readers learn that Raleigh was a second son who had to make his own fortune and received lands for his role in Ireland and in the new world.  Raleigh had the patronage of Elizabeth I but she threw him into the Tower of London when he married one of her ladies in waiting without her permission.  When Elizabeth died, Raleigh was charged with high treason by her successor, James.  Other persons who receive attention in the book are Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Essex, Shakespear, and Milton.
     The black and white maps and drawings are period pieces.  Extensive chapter notes, a six-page time line, and a detailed index add to the value of the book.  This title is useful for middle and high school students who are studying the Elizabethan Age, early exploration in the Americas, the Spanish Armada, or the early history of England.  Although this title will appear in youth collections in public libraries, it will also be useful to adults.  Don't miss this versatile biography.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist

ENGLAND.  Edited by Clarice Swisher.  Farmington Hills, MI:  Greenhaven Press, 2003.
    240p.  0-7377-1130-2 hb.  $34.95   Gr. 8-12   YA   942

    Part of the History of Nations series, this is a well-written, thorough history of England, suitable for the advanced junior high student or any high school student.  The book is well organized, readabe and includes accessible information for those doing historical research.  It features a fascinating first-hand account of the 1666 fire that destroyed much of London.
    Linda Peterson, Retired Librarian, Carnegie Library, Ishpeming, MI

Landau, Elaine.  PRINCE WILLIAM: W.O.W., WILLIAM OF WALES.
    Gateway Biography series.  Brookfield, CT: Millbrook, 2001.  48p.
    0-7613-2120-9; lib.bdg, $22.90      941.085   or    92

    Prince William, second in line to the British throne, was born in 1982.  Black and white and color photos chronicle his life. The author does not paint a totally favorable picture of him.  In nursery school he earned the nickname "Basher," he behaved badly at Prince Andrew's wedding, and he refused to put away his toys or go to bed when told.  On the other hand, he was protective of his mother and younger brother.  His relationship with his parents and their relationship with each other as well as their embarrassment to him are mentioned but not dwelt on.  William's years are Ludgrove and Eton are discussed.  Tiggy, the young nanny who was at his father's when he visited is mentioned but not his mother's dislike of her.  Enough tidbits of his life are included to make the book interesting: like being "blooded" when shooting his first deer, his first car, the year off for service projects before attending the Univ. of St. Andrews in Scotland, wearing an electronic tracking bracelet, never flying in the same plane as his father, and being greeted by 600 screaming girls.  The influence of his mother and her death as well as Wills’ aversion to the media are noted.  This book is sure to be popular with female readers who are interested in "a present-day prince who will one day be king."
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI 49855
    32 years of experience as a school library-media specialist

Oleksy, Walter.  PRINCESS DIANA. People in the News series.  San Diego:  Lucent, 2000.
    112p.     1-56006-579-6; hb.,  $18.96     99-53455   Gr. 6-12        92    or    941

    Like most of the books in this series, there are extensive chapter notes.  Although many sources are used, Morton’s DIANA, HER TRUE STORY (S&S, 1994) is quoted extensively.  The Works consulted section includes books, periodicals, TV and video sources.  The adult books that are suitable for young adults are noted. The “For Further Reading” section includes five books for middle and high school readers and five websites. The chronology is helpful.
    As would be expected because of the extensive use of adult biographies, this book does not sugar coat Diana’s life.  The author addresses the affects of her parents’ divorce, private schooling, crush on Prince Charles, engagement, finding out about Camilla Parker-Bowles right before her wedding, bulimia,  motherhood, infidelities of both, relationship with Queen Elizabeth, dealings with the press,  humanitarian efforts, final days, death, funeral, and legacy.  This title provides an accurate perception of a global figure without being sensational.  This is a useful addition to school or public libraries.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist
 

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943 HISTORY--GERMANY

Adler, David A.  A HERO AND THE HOLOCAUST: THE STORY OF JANUSZ
    KORCZAK AND HIS CHLDREN.
  Illus by Bill Farnsworth.  New York: Holiday,
    2002.  32p.  0-8234-1548-1; hb., $16.95.  2001-059409    Gr. 4-6    943.8   or    92

    The picture book begins with Korczak’s birth in 1878 in Warsaw, Poland the same year Europe’s first crematorium was built in German for funerals.  His birth name was Hirsh Goldszmit but he was called Henryk.  His life changed in 1889 when his father suffered a mental breakdown and died in 1896.  The family struggled in poverty and Henryk began writing sad stories, poems, and plays under a pen name, Janusz Korczak.    Readers learn about his childhood, medical studies, and successful practice with children.  In the 1930s Korczak wrote books and had a prize-winning radio program at the same time the Nazi Party gained control of Germany.  In 1940 Korczak and the children in his hospital were moved into the Warsaw Ghetto with 400,000 other Jews.  In 1942 the Ghetto started to empty and the doctor learned that they would be sent to death camps where they would be killed.  With 192 children, Korczak went to the train station with them but when he was recognized and the Nazis offered to let him go free, he refused to leave the children and was killed with them in Treblinka.  The full-page illustrations are dark in keeping with this grim chapter in history.  The book shares the life of a hero under terrible circumstances.  Based on Korczak’s diaries there is no happy ending but there is hope because in the final quote he does blame his killers.  “I never wish anyone ill.  I cannot.  I don’t know how it is done.”   This is a picture book for older students who are studying the Holocaust.       
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist


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944 HISTORY--FRANCE

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945 HISTORY--ITALY

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947 HISTORY--EASTERN EUROPE; RUSSIA

Englar, Mary.  GRAND DUCHESS ANASTASIA ROMANOV.  Queens and Princesses Series.
          Mankato, Minnesota:  Capstone Press, 2009.  32p.   978-1-4296-1955-4  hb. 18.95
          Gr. 3-5   j947.08'3092        

          Anastasia, who has fascinated generations of adults, is introduced to children, who if not fascinated, will find much of interest in the information, photographs and illustrations. They offer not only a glimpse into the times of that historical era, but make her very real to the reader in family photographs and personal information of her life, such cleaning her room and bathing in cold water. This is a worthy addition to biography or historical shelves.
          Barbara Ward, Children's Librarian, Dickinson County Library, Retired

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948 HISTORY--SCANDINAVIA

Boraas, Tracey.  SWEDEN.  Mankato, MN: Bridgestone/Capstone, 2003.  64p. 
    0-7368-0938-2; lib.bdg., $23.90   2001-008376      Gr. 3-7    948.5

    The information includes the land, climate, wildlife, history government, economy, people, culture, and daily life.  The book concludes with a recipe, Swedish words, symbols, a timeline, glossary, bibliography of 6 books, two mail addresses, four web addresses, and an index.  Although Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and a common currency was adopted in 2002, Sweden has not adopted it.  So there is a picture of coins and paper money that is still in use in Sweden.   The numerous maps and photos have various levels of clarity.  Some of the photos are too dark to appreciate.   There are sixteen other countries in the series.   
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist



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948.97 HISTORY--FINLAND

Meichun, Zhong.  FINLAND.  Countries of the World series.  Milwaukee:
    Gareth Stevems/Times, 2001.  96p.  0-8368-2331-1; lib.bdg., $22.60   005634
    Gr. 6+  948.97

    Here is a book with much unfulfilled potential.  The content ranges from geography and government to arts and food.  The main section speaks of architecture, etiquette, the sauna, forests, Sami, and the role of women.  There is also a section on relations with North America.  The book is rounded off with a glossary of books, videos, and web sites.  This book should be of interest to classes studying the world and to states where the Finnish-American population is high, like Upper Michigan and Minnesota.  There is a large clear photo on every page.
    Carl Pellonpaa says “I am sorry to say but the best features of this book are the pictures!  The pictures are very nice!  But I would not buy the book!  The author offers pronunciation guides which are incorrect, ie., SUOMI is not Sor-mee…one must think of the former Governor of New York…CUOMO…SUO… then add ME.  The author speaks of summer and nature lovers but that is a twelve-month a year activity.  On page 8, it mentions a ‘warm ocean current…off the Norwegian Sea’…would that be the Gulf Stream?  The climate is no harsher than what we experience here in Upper Michigan!  I have never heard of Kaamos (the polar night).  There are Moose and not Elk in Finland.”  Pellonpaa’s evaluation is “I wouldn’t recommend it.”
    Carl Pellonpaa, 39 years hosting a Finnish TV show, “Suomi Kutsuu” (Finland Calling)
    WLUC-TV, Marquette, MI.  Pellonpaa is serving his second term as the Honorary Consul 
    of Finland for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.  He has visited Finland 25 times.

 

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949.5 HISTORY GREECE

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949.6 HISTORY--BALKANS

Gabrielpillai, Matilda. BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Milwaukee, WI:
    G.Stevens, 2001.  96p.  Countries of the World series  0-8368-2329-X; hb.,
    $29.27  Gr. 5-8     949.742

    This book offers basic information on Bosnia and Herzegovina.  It covers all the major aspects of the country; history, geography, ethnicity, religion, government, economy, arts, etc.  It contains many color photographs to illustrate the country and people.  It offers a political map and a reproducible map for use by students.  It has a basic facts page, a glossary containing Serbo-Croatian vocabulary with pronunciation and English vocabulary, a page offering books for further reading, videos, and Web sites, and an index.
    The information presented in this book is very concise and written well.  A lot of detail is incorporated in some places and quite a bit of information is repeated.  The author seems to dwell on the more recent past throughout the book.  Seemingly scattered throughout the book, she discusses the ethnic war, ethnic cleansing, concentration camps, SFOR, and economic rebuilding.  Perhaps if these topics were confined to one chapter or section in the book, their placement might seem more logical.  I also did not understand the chapter on North American relations until I read the paragraph on the back of the book detailing the goals of the series.  This helped clear up the question of why some things were included in the book.  The Serbo-Croatian vocabulary and pronunciation was a great help, but pronunciation guides throughout the text for proper names would help the reading.  Overall, a good, basic source of information about Bosnia/Herzegovina.
    Ted Snodgrass, Media Specialist, New Haven High School, New Haven, MI
    Six years of experience as a School library Media Specialist
 

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900 HISTORY; ASIA

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951 CHINA

Major, John S.  THE SILK ROUTE:  7,000 MILES OF HISTORY.  Illus. by Stephen Fieser.   
    HarperCollins,  1997. 32p.  0-06-022924-1 hb., 0-06-022926-8, lib. bdg.,   
    0-06-443468-0, pb.    Gr. 4-8+    915.1  or  951

     The double-page picture map at the beginning of this detailed and accurate story of the Silk Route across central Asia is helpful for continuous reference. There are beautiful color illustrations on each page that very closely follow and enhance the accompanying history. The two-page preface gives a succinct background of the tribes, cities, rulers and dynasties as a springboard to the beginning of this book.  Each of the twelve pictures and named locations can be followed on the map. It would help if the map were somewhat more detailed. The Silk Route journey which begins in mid-eastern China is preceded by two illustrated pages with an explanation of the silk farms and the silk cloth woven for trade along the Silk Route.  As this journey continues there is a Chinese drawn word with translation and definition, a Persian drawn word with translation and definition, and a Greek word with translation and definition. The journey concludes at Byzantium (Constantinople/Istanbul), linking together the Eastern Roman Empire and the Tang Dynasty.  At the end of the book there are three pages containing explanations of twelve words, locations, or concepts.  THE SILK ROUTE; with its peoples, countries, cities, languages, animals, and cultural practices, lends itself to further research and investigation on the many topics. This would be an excellent book for the classroom teacher to read aloud to the entire class.  It will lend itself to good classroom discussion. The reading level of the somewhat sophisticated language in this very informative book seems to be geared to the fifth grade to seventh grade reader.  Major, an historian and translator of early Chinese texts, has also authored ten books about East Asia.  Since earning his doctorate in Asian Studies at Harvard,  he has been a professor at Dartmouth College; a program director at the Asia Society; and the leader of a trip through the Soviet Union, China, and Mongolia.  This well-written and beautifully illustrated book is filled to the brim with topics along with the Silk Route history, and should be an excellent addition to the school or home library.
     Joylyn Wahla, retired elementary teacher with 19 years of experience

 Sis, Peter.  TIBET: THROUGH THE RED BOX.  Illus. by the author.
    New York: Frances Foster/Farrar, 1998.  unp.   0-374-37552-6; $25.00
    97-50175   5-12+     951.5

     The author's father was a Czechoslovakian film maker who was sent by the Soviet government into China after World War II to teach the Chinese to make films while actually  filming the construction of a road.  The area he was in was really Tibet;  he became lost there, visited the forbidden city of Lhasa, and met the Boy-God-King.  The diary he kept was placed in a red box with several items representing memories of that time and was given to the author.  Rereading the diary inspired this story.
    During the process of filming the road-building though the mountains  into Llasa, the forbidden city of Tibet,  Sis's father was disconnected from the others and a short trip that should have lasted a few months was turned  into a trip that lasted 14 months.  It is difficult for a child to understand a parent's prolonged absence, especially during times of illness.  Learning that a parent was absent due to circumstances beyond his control rather that shirking family responsibilities is reassuring.  The red box and diary helped the author to understand his father's absence and to understand how the events of that time influenced his father.
      Even the only quote in the book is appropriate.  Nabokov's quote from THE GIFT (Random, 191)  is about Marco Polo's perceptions of his travels and how listeners to his tales couldn't relate to or fully understand them any more than listeners could understand the tales that Sis's father told upon his return.  A further connection is that Nabakov's first name, Vladimir, is also the first name of Sis's father.
      The integration of art and story in this multidimensional book is outstanding. One aspect of the book is the gentle introduction to Tibetan Buddhist thought.  There are several full page mandalas  in the book that are done in the colors associated with them  A mandala is a picture used in Buddhist  prayers.  The pattern in the mandalas (circles and squares)  and the colors (red, gold, blue, and green) are repeated throughout the book.  Sis's attention to theme in the illustrations is phenomenal.  The room in which the diary is located while the son is reading it changes colors to represent where he is in the unfolding of his father's story; i.e., the blue hue at place with  blue lakes.  The total presentation of the book from the transparent  cover, hard cover picture, end papers, and drawings throughout is exceptional.  The repeated patterns of mandalas and the leaf in the corner which appears in other places also, depict Eastern thought and vibration.  Here is a book that improves upon second reading.  There is much to discover like the messages written around the illustrations, that at first appear to be part of the page design, and the numerous sketches and captions.
      Themes and readership of this book are many and varied.  On one level it is a story of a son connecting with a father.  It is also a piece of the history of Tibet in the 1950s with the culture and subculture; a slice of geography with the animals, terrain, lakes, and trees.  Because the art connects readers with Eastern philosophy and spiritual thought, it is a valuable tool to anyone who teaches meditation to beginners.  There is much here, the book and librarians will know how to connect the book to the right readers whether they are middle, high school, or adult readers. HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.
    Kenneth C. Paulin, Ph.D.,  retired communications professor;
    Teacher of listening and student of Eastern thought.
    *Editor's note.  This book received a Caldecott Honor Book citation in 1999.
 
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952 JAPAN

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954 INDIA & PAKISTAN

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900 HISTORY; MIDDLE EAST

Gottfried, Ted.  ISRAELIS AND PALESTINIANS:  SMALL STEPS TO PEACE. 
	Millbrook Press, 2000.  64p.  ISBN 0761318593   Gr. 5+   j956.95

	Gottfried gives American readers a clear view of the Middle East, which they hear about in the new daily.  The book covers the ongoing conflict
between Israel and Palestine, as it pertains to world politics.  The text is laid out well on each page and has sidebars with additional information
for interested readers.  Students in middle school through high school could use this book to write reports for social studies or supplement other texts on the Middle East. 
It is a must for school libraries.
	Linda Cooley, Director, L’Anse School/Public Library

Schroeder, Holly.  ISRAEL ABC’s.  Illus. By Claudia Wolf.  Country ABCs Series. Minneapolis, MN:  
           
Picture Window Books, 2004.  32p.  ISBN 1-4048-0179-0  lib.bdg. $16.95.  Gr. K-5   956.94 

            This publisher makes it easy to learn about countries with a simple ABC format with large, bright illustration to enhance the text.  This book would be perfect for classroom reports in the elementary grades.  The impressive page layout features a parchment background and frames for the letter and picture on each page.  Readers will learn about the people, customs, and geography of Israel.  Public and school libraries would benefit from having this book in their collections.
           
Lynette Suckow, Youth Services, Peter White Public Library, Marquette, MI

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956.7 PERSIAN GULF WAR, 1991

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958 CENTRAL ASIA; AFGHANISTAN, TURKESTAN

Knox, Barbara.  AFGHANISTAN.  Mankato, MN:  Blue Earth Books, 2004.  32p.
    0736824480 lib bdg.  $23.95    Gr. 3-6    j958

    Part of the "Many Cultures, One World" series, this beginning book on Afghanistan has basic information, but little recent history of the country's troubles.  It is a satisfactory text for upper elementary students.  The book has very good photographs.
    Linda Peterson, Retired Librarian, Carnegie Library, Ishpeming, MI

Olson, Gillia M.  AFGHANISTAN.  Mankato, MN:  Capstone Press, 2005.  32p.
            ISBN 0-73682685-8  hb. $22.60   Gr. 2-4   j958.1

            The author gives us a glimpse of culture and daily life in this ancient nation of tradition and religion.  There is sufficient and varied information on Afghanistan, along with a section of Fast Facts in the back of the book; great for classroom reports.
            Lynette Suckow, Youth Services, Peter White Public Library, Marquette, MI


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959 SOUTHEAST ASIA

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959.7 VIETNAM WAR

Zeinert, Karen.  THE VALIANT WOMEN OF THE VIETNAM WAR.
    Illus with photos.  Brookfield, CT:  Millbrook, 2000.  96p.  0-7613-1268-4;
    lib.bdg., $28.40     99-24630   Gr.    959.704     or     920

     Zeinert discusses expectations for American women in the 1950s and the turbulence in the 1960s as well as historical background on Vietnam and the war contribution of women.   Quotes from women involved in the war are liberally sprinkled throughout the book and serve as an aesthetic break as well as provide interesting information.  Although maps and photos appear in the book, more would have been appreciated.  Information is provided about women in the armed forces, nurses, USO volunteers, Red Cross workers, war correspondents, photographers, gold star mothers and antiwar protesters and the peace movement.  The book ends with information about the Women's Memorial in Washington, D.C., a timeline, chapter notes, further reading, and an index.    Because the role of women in history has been neglected, this is an important book for middle, high school, university, and public libraries.
    Mary Ann Paulin; Director, Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years as a school library media specialist

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960 HISTORY; AFRICA

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9xx HISTORY; LATIN AMERICA

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9xx HISTORY; AUSTRALIA and PACIFIC ISLANDS

Bagley, Katie.  AUSTRALIA.  Mankato, MN:  Bridgestone/Capstone, 2003. 24p.  
    Geography and Culture series. 0-7368-1417-5; lib.bdg., $18.60  2001-007900 
    Gr. 1-3     919.4

This book is one of five titles about continents; Australia is the smallest continent.    Besides facts about Australia, the book contains a map showing the size of Australia compared to the United States.   In the section on land, the book devotes two pages each to the East Coast, Great Dividing Range, Central Lowlands, and Western Plateau; one page is a map and the other page includes a photo of the area.  Two pages are devoted to animals and a list is provided but only the kangaroo and kookaburra are shown.  The pages on people are divided between immigrants and aborigines.  The page about sights has three small photos of major tourist attractions.  There is a “Words to Know,” “Read More,”  “Internet Sites,” and index. 
    Franz says the book is “really good and provides basic information about Australia.”  However, she notes that is strange that the glossary does not contain the word “aborigine.” 
    GUEST REVIEWER:  Marcia Franz, Automated Library Services,
    Upper Peninsula Region of Library Cooperation, Marquette, MI
    Franz has visited Australia five times

Sayre, April Pulley.  G'DAY, AUSTRALIA!  Our Amazing Continents series.  Brookfield, CT:  
    The Millbrook Press, 2003.  unp.   0-7613-2122-5    hb.; $21.90      Gr. 3+      994

    This book introduces the continent of Australia.  Descriptions of animals found only in Australia along with the corresponding photo will delight readers.  The different environments found are also discussed as well as human settlement of this continent.  It is an excellent book to introduce Australia to younger readers including the Aborginal culture.  The  fabulous photographs add to a child's understanding of the only country that covers a continent.  Older children will also enjoy the information provided.
    Jolene Hetherington, Teacher, Munising Public Schools; 12 years teaching experience

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970 NATIVE AMERICANS

Philip, Neil, comp.  WEAVE LITTLE STARS INTO MY SLEEP:  NATVE
    AMERICAN LULLABIES.  Photos by Edward Curtis.  New York:  Clarion, 2001p.
    0-618-08856-3; hb., $16.00  00-060324  Gr. K-9+   782.421

    Beginning with an Ojibwa "Firefly Song," Philips shares 15 Native American lullabies and has selected accompanying full page sepia photos from a famous photographer whose five volume set was published between 1907-09 and later volumes between 1911-1930.  Although the photos, except in several instances, do not match the tribe of the lullaby, they are labeled with the correct tribe which is often a related group.  The afterword explains lullabies in general and Native American lullabies in particular and is typical of Philip's find scholarship.  Since most schools study Native Americans, this is an essential purchase for school and public libraries.
    Mary Ann Paulin, Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library media specialist 

Rappaport, Doreen.  WE ARE THE MANY: A PICTURE BOOK OF AMERICAN    
    INDIANS
.  Illus by Cornelieus Van Wright and Ying-Hwa Hu.  New York:  HarperCollins,
    2002.  32p.  0-688-16559-1; hb., $15.99  Gr. 3-7   970.004  or  920

    Rappaport, a writer of multicultural books, provides vignettes  of 13 Native Americans in chronological order from Tisquantum (Squanto) through Sacajawea to Maria Tallchief and Wilma Mankiller.  Over half of them are women.  Dates for the people and tribal name are included in the heading.  Different tribes are represented with each person. “Each story in this book re-creates one moment in a person’s life.“  The incidents are varied: Jim Thorpe winning an Olympic gold medal and William McCabe as a code talker during World War II.  The illustration covers one whole page and a fourth of the opposite page.  The rest of the page is devoted to text.  The book ends with a page devoted to pronunciation, research resources, books for young readers, and websites. 
    Mary Ann Paulin, director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience of as a school library media specialist

 
Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk.  ENDURING WISDOM: SAYINGS FROM NATIVE    
    AMERICANS.
  Illus by Synthia Saint James.  New York: Holiday, 2003.  32p. 
    0-8234-1455-8; hb., $16.95     98-038527     Gr. 4-9+     970.004

    In the “Author’s Note,” Sneve discusses the oral tradition and offers information about purpose and inclusion.: “Yet the wisdom of the past is still vital today.  I have tried to show this by using passages ranging from Native Americans who made the earliest contact with Europeans up through contemporary tribal people who value their heritage.”
    The selections come from a wide variety of tribes and times:  from Chief Pontiac in 1760, an Osage warrior of the 1800s, the Grand Council of American Indians in 1927, and a Kiowa author in 1997.   Sources for the quotations appear in the “End Notes.“  The illustrations are at odds with the text.  They are abstract shapes in bright bold colors and sometimes they jump around on the page like optical illusions.  However, the quotes deserve widespread exposure to adults as well as intermediate, middle, and high school students when studying Native Americans.
    Mary Ann Paulin, Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, Michigan
    32 years of experience as a school library/media specialist

 

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970 THE AMERICAS

Chin-Lee, Cynthia and Terri de la Pena. A IS FOR THE AMERICAS.
    Illus. by Enrique O. Sanchez.  New York:  Orchard, 1999.  32p.   0-31-30194-X; hb.,
    $15.95.  0-531-33194-6; lib.bdg., $          Gr. 2-6+     970

    Acrylic and gouache paintings enhance this geographic alphabet book.  Flags of 21 of the 35 countries appear at the beginning of the book .  B- bison, C-carnival D-Dia de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, Q-quetzal, X-Xango the god of thunder, Y-yucatan, and Z-Zuni.  At the end of the book three characters that are in the Spanish alphabet are listed, Ch, Ll and N.  Two of them will be dropped from the Spanish alphabet in 2000.  An introduction informs readers that Spanish is the most popular language in the Americas.  This handsome book is an important purchase for school and public libraries but an essential one where the Spanish language is taught or there are concentrations of Spanish speaking students.
    Mary Ann Paulin, Director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience as s school library media specialist
 

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970.1 NATIVE AMERICANS

Auch, Alison.  WELCOME TO CANADA.  Spyglass books series.  Minneapolis:    
    Compass Point, 2003.  24p.   0-7565-0372-8T3; lib.bdg., $18.60   2002-002750  
    Gr.  1-2    971  

    The book begins with a map of Canada and North America, a picture of the flag, and a sidebar explaining that Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia.  It is difficult to explain such a large country in a 24-page nonfiction book so it is unusual that an Inuit legend “How the Crow Got Daylight” takes four pages in the middle of the book.  Perhaps it would have been better to call the book Northern Canada because winter, darkness, Inuits, and sled dogs are highlighted.  Information about this part of Canada is told in the first person by a boy from a small town who is pictured on the first page.  There is a glossary, list of book and a web site, and an index.  This book reduces a large country to just one segment, the area where the narrator lives.  Photos help explain the text that explains that winter is cold and dark.   There is a glossary, list of book and web sites, and an index.
    Mary Ann Paulin, director, Superiorland Preview Center
    32 years of experience of as a school library media specialist


Gunderson, Mary.  AMERICAN INDIAN COOKING BEFORE 1500.  Exploring History
    Through Simple Recipes series.  Mankato, MN:  Blue Earth Books, 2001.  32p.
    0-7368-0605-9 hb.; $22.60.   Gr. 3+    394.1  or  970.1

    Written by a food historian,this book discusses cooking methods in the different regions of North America.  The author provides insight into Native American foods, celebrations, and hardships for a specific tribe in each region.  Recipes are included.  Adult supervision may be needed for some of the recipes especially with younger children.  The recipes are based on historical foods but are written simply in modern terms.  The glossary and resources in
the back of the book including websites provide further information on the topic.  Drawings and photos of Native American life are supplemented with photos of actual results of some of the recipes. An excellent book to discuss the similarities and differences in Native American foods based on the environment where they lived.
    Jolene Hetherington, Teacher, Munising Public Schools; 12 years of teaching experience

Philip, Neil, comp.  WEAVE LITTLE STARS INTO MY SLEEP:
    NATVE AMERICAN LULLABIES.  Photos by Edward Curtis.  New York:
    Clarion, 2001.  0-618-08856-3; hb., $16.00   00-060324   Gr. K-9+   782.421

    Beginning with an Ojibwa "Firefly Song," Philips shares 15 Native American lullabies and has
selected accompanying full page sepia photos from a famous photographer whose five volume set was published between 1907-09 and later volumes between 1911-1930.  Although the photos, except in several instances, do not match the tribe of the lullaby, they are labeled with the correct tribe which is often a related group.  The afterword explains lullabies in general and Native American lullabies in particular and is typical of Philip's find scholarship.  Since most schools study Native Americans, this is an essential purchase for school and public libraries.
    Mary Ann Paulin, Director; Superiorland Preview Center, Marquette, MI
    32 years of experience as a school library media specialist

Rumford, James.  Translated by Anna Sixkiller Huckaby.  SEQUOYAH:  THE CHEROKEE 
          MAN WHO GAVE HIS PEOPLE WRITING.  New York:  Houghton Mufflin, 2004. 
          32p.  ISBN 0-618369473 hb. $16.00      Gr. 2-6          j975.004

           Beautifully done illustrations help tell the story of Sequoyah.  Although he had to deal with the prejudice of 
Native Americans by his neighbors, Sequoyah was a determined Cherokee man who finally was able to give his 
people a written language.  The story is told in English and Cherokee with a chart to help with translation.
          Debra Ely, Asst. Librarian, Ishpeming Carnegie Public Library, Ishpeming, MI


 

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970.3 SPECIFIC TRIBES

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971 CANADA

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972 MEXICO

Ancona, George.  CHARRO: THE MEXICAN COWBOY.  Photos by the author.
    San Diego: Harcourt, 1999.  48p.   0-15–201046-7; pb., $9.00 0-15-201047-5; hb.,
    $18.00   98-13396      Gr. 2-9       972   or   460

     Numerous Spanish words are printed in italics and explained in the content of this photo-essay.  The charro, a horseman who rounded up, roped and branded cattle, is a symbol of Mexico's pride and patriotism.  A visit to Don Pablo's ranch near Guadalajara, Mexico helps readers to understand the preparation needed to be a charro and to compete in  the rodeo-like competition called la charreada.   Festival costumes and Mariachi music, parades, and the children's contest are all shown in large, clear photos that are Ancona's trademark.    A glossary of thirty-three Spanish words appears at the end of the English edition, making this a useful book for Spanish classes.
     Leathers-Poupore says,  "This is a good tool for teaching about a popular tradition of the Mexican culture.  I would recommend it for Spanish or social studies classes.  The English version is for beginners while the Spanish version is for more advanced Spanish students.   The photos are excellent!  You feel like you are at the rodeo.  This book gives an in-depth look an important part of Mexican culture.  In both versions too much detail is given about each specific rodeo event."   This makes the book especially useful to persons who are interested in rodeos and charreadas.  Brownsville, TX is just one city in the United States which has a Charro Days parade before Lent.   Using the English and Spanish books together is useful for English/Spanish students as well as Spanish/English students.   This book is recommended for schools who have Mexico as part of the curriculum, where the Spanish language is taught, and where there are students who have Spanish as their primary language.
     Vicki Leathers-Poupore; Spanish teacher, Negaunee Schools, Negaunee, MI

Ancona, George.  CHARRO.  Photos by the author.  San Diego: Harcourt, 1999.  48p.
    0-15-202026-8; pb., $9.00   98-21582   Gr. 2-9        972   or   460

    This is the Spanish edition of CHARRO: THE MEXICAN COWBOY.   For details about the book see the previous review.
 
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972.8 CENTRAL AMERICA

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972.9 WEST INDIES

Nobleman, Marc.  JUAN PONCE DE LEON.  Mankato, MN:  Capstone Press, 2005. 
            32p.  ISBN 0-7368-2667-X hb. $22.60   Gr. 2-5   j972.9

            Readers will surprised with the amount of information found on Juan Ponce de Leon, the Spanish explorer.  The author gives us a glimpse of Florida’s native culture before and after the arrival of these European conquerors.  There is a section of Fast Facts and a glossary in the back of the book.  Elementary students will find this to be a handy reference for research assignments.
            Lynette Suckow, Youth Services, Peter White Public Library, Marquette, MI

 

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980 SOUTH AMERICA

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